A)General Descriptions :
TRAFFIC : Acts and status of pedestrians and
vehicles on highways.
HIGHWAY : Bridges,areas and grounds which are open to public for traffic.
RIGHT WAY OF BOUNDRY CROSSING :Rules do not have binding force in the course of duty on some drivers providing not put danger safety of lifes and goods.
PASSING RIGHTS : Priority rights of pedestrians or drivers
STOOPING: Except traffic urgencies be stopped of vehicles for offload or onload of passengers loadings or waitings.
PARKING :To leave the cars except stoppings
B) Highway Descriptions:
TWO WAY HIGH WAY :It
is the high ways that two sides are used.
ONE WAY HIGH WAY : It is the high ways that only one side is used.
DIVIDED HIGHWAY :It is the high way that seperate from other with a seperator as determined
MOTORWAY: It is the highway that prohibited for pedestrians animals and non motor vehicle and enter to this roads are prohibited. Traffic have special controls.
TRANSIT WAYS: Parts of highways for enter or exit from estates
CONNECTION WAY : It is the highway which is connect the haighways and be out of crossing roads
BANQUETTE:If there is no pedestrian ways in highways side of roads is used by pedestrians and animals. Except obligatory times vehicles must not use this part of high ways.
PLATFORM : It is the part of high ways which consist of vehicle roads and pedestrian roads.
CROSSING : Common field which occurs with the connection or intersection of two or more highways
RIDE ROAD : In general this road is less important than the road which is connected and have less density of traffic.
MAIN ROAD : It is the highway that open the main traffic and have the first passing rights which is determined by signs.
SCHOOL PASSING : Field that have been near the primary and secondary schools determined by signs for students
C) Descriptions About Vehicles :
Motor engine which produced for people carrying
and have mostly 7 seats except driver.The ones which carry
people with taximeter is called taxi and ones
which take money for every people called shared
MINIBUS : Motor engine which produced for people carrying and have seats between 8 and 14 except driver.
AUTOBUS : Motor engine which produced for people carring and have minimun 15 seats except driver Trolleybuses are also include this group .
SMALL TRUCK: Motor engine which produced for load carrying and permissible maximum load is 3500 kg
TRUCK : Motor engine which produced for load carrying and permissible load is more than 3500 kg
TOWING VEHICLE : Motor engine which do not carry loadings and only pull trailers or semi trailers.
LAND TRANSPORT : Motot engine which prodeced for carriying passengers and loadings in high ways and take power from motor.
LOADING GAUGE : It is the measurement that determine the vehicles length width and height for safety driving with loadings or not loadings. (Width:2,5 m ; Height:4 m)
WEIGHT LIMIT : Maximal loaded weight oh vehicles which carry with safety.
AXLE LOAD : The weight which carry on high ways from the wheels connect to same axle.(One axle: 10 ton,two axles 18 ton)
If traffic police is standing or open his arms to both side it is mean that front and back sides of him are closed to traffic right and left sides are opened.If police lift one hand all roads are closed.
1) Red Light: To inform that road is closed to
2)Yellow Light: It has warning meaning. If it is lightened with red light road is going to be open the traffic and it is lightened with green light road is going to be closed the traffic.
3) Red Light: To inform that road is opened to traffic.
4) Interrupted lights:Red has stop meaning and yellow has carefully passing meaning.
5) Written and audible lights : It orders the pedestrian traffic according to vehicle traffic.
Lines : It inform that lanes can not be changed
or there are not any passings in two way highways
head over heels croosingroads,student ways tunnels
Broken Lines : It inform that if traffic conditions is suitable drivers can pass the front vehicle or changes the lanes
Straight and Broken Lines: Drivres must obey the meanings of the line which is closer to them
Nearer to straight lines means that must not enter the opposite idrections lanes.NOTE: One drivers must be drive 5hours continously and after having rest for half an hour can be drive more 4hours. In 24 hours drive only 9hours in total.
In our country traffic flow is from right side.Drivers must obey the rules.
1- To drive the rightest side of the road
2- In multi lane road drive due to their speed according to traffic conditions
3- To wait until the passing of other cars before changed lanes.
4- Not to change lanes as put in danger or delay the traffic
5- Not to use the leftest side of the lane continuously
6- In two lane for lane or multi line roads derivers who drive except motorcycle auto,small truck minibus and autobus use the rightest lane except in passing and turning.
Also it is forbidden that ;
1- To change lanes except passing stooping ,turning or parking
2- To use 2 lanes together
3- To drive wrong lanes according to their speed and kind of vehicle
4- To change lanes get closer to crossroads , 30mt in innercities and 150mt in and out of cities
5- To change lanes without signals.
Maximum speed limits are shown below in innercities
and out of cities if there is no practice to
Out of cities
|In Autobus minibus trucks and small trucks||
|In area vehicles and motorcycles||
|Vehicles which carry explosive and dangerous articles or vehicles which can be drived by special permission||
|In motorcycles and cycles||
|Tractors and heavy construction equipments||
Note: If trailer is added to vehicles which do
not have trailer vehicles speed must be 10 km less
Following Distance : Following distance is the distance which is the half of speed. For example if spees is 90km/h following distance is 45.
For drivers pay attention that:
1. Not to passed by another cars.
2. Not to give warning signals by the front car for passing another vehicle
3. Passing lane must be opened and empty for the pro distances.
1. Areas where passing is prohibited with traffic signs.
2. In bridges tunnels railway crossings head of heels and curves etc.
In Right Turns must be
1. Give right turn signals
2. To enter the right lane or turning permissible lanes
3. Decrease speed
4. To turn with narrow curves
In Left Turns must be:
1. Give left turn signals
2. To get closer left side of road.
3. Decrease speed
4. To give first passing rights before vehicles come from right side.
5. To wait for the cars in turnings which can not be stopped.
6. To turn with large curves.
7. To give first passing rights to pedestrians and bcycles which are in cycle road.
It is forbidden for drivers that :
1- To go back in connection roads.
2- In one way roads to go back except pause and stopping times.
3- To go back in narrow ways except passing facilities.
4- To turn back in roads which habe traffic density.
First passing rights in crossings where do not have traffic police , lightened traffic signs or traffic roadpost ;
1- All cars must give passing rights to vehicles
which have passing primacies.
2- All cars must give passing rights to vehicles which are in tramlines.
3- Vehicles which are going to be enter divided roads
4- Drivers who come from ride road to main road.
5- Drivers who are out of turned crossroads to in the crossroads.
Determined vehicles are not in to restrictions and probitions in the course of duty only if not not put in danger persons and goods security.
2- Fire engines
3- Police engines
4- Civil defence vehicles
5- Defender and defented vehicles
NOTE: These vehicles must have lambs which can be come out from 150 mt and also have sirens which can be heard from 150 mt
NOTE: Yellow lighted vehicles do not have first passing rights.
1- Areas where prohibition is indicated with traffic
2- In left lanes
3- In school and pedestrian roads and other crossings.
4- In crossroads tunnels and connection roads and inner cities in 5mt , out of cities in 10 mt distances
5- In head of heels and turning roads.
6- Next to paused or parking vehicles
7- In autobus and taxi stations.
8- To guide boards and except of parking places 15 mt in inner cities and 100 mt distance in out of cities.
9- Railways which are out of cities and in the vehicle tracks
Pausing is forbidden
NOTE: Parking is also forbidden places where is paused.
a) Far Lights :
Far lights must be opened in out of cities tunnels which do not lightened enough ,and same palces and conditions
b) Nearby Lights :
In nights , followings during out of cities and in mornings in rainy or foggy weathers nearby lightsmust be opened.
NOTE: Nearby lights are lightened to 25 m. , far lights are lightened 100 m. ahead.
Using Conditions of Lights :
1-Use in "pass" meanings
of turn lights
2- To drive only with parking lights
3- Turn out lights in meetings.
4- To have or use lights which are contrary to statutes
5- Using of fog lights except foggy or rainy weathers or use with far or nearby lights
6- To use lights needlessly which are alowed by rules ARE FORBIDDEN
1- Draw away of vehicles which have no defective in brakes:
- Draw away with trail rope or pulling
- Length of trail rope must be maximum 5 m
- If lenght of rope is more than 2,5m tie red reflector.
- Speed must be 20km/h
2- Draw away of vehicles which have defective in brakes
- Draw away with iron .
- Lenght of iron must be maximum 1 m.
- Speed must be max. 15km/h
NOTE: In both conditions loading and passenger carring is forbidden
Speed limit for vehicles which carry hazardous materials is 30km for inner cities and 50 km for out of cities.(If vehicle is empty can drive their vehicle speed)
NOTE: Following distance should be 50mt
NOTE: There must be 2 unit fire extinguishing apparatus as 6kg in these vehicles.
NOTE: In defective times there must be watchman .
Access Controled Railway :
Railway that used fo transit traffic , no entry for pedestrians animals and non motored vehicles
Entry and exit from everywhere is forbidden to railways. Parking , pausing driving and turning back is forbidden
Vehicle owners must be register their vehicles and take registration certificates
1- Vehicle owners who buys or takes from duty must do registration in 3 months If vehicle have no registration before
2- Drivers who buys registrated cars with notarial deed must be apply in one month to registration office.
3- After taking registration certificate vehicles also must have traffic certificate and registration plates.
4- Vehicles do not get into traffic without registration card , traffic certificate and registration plates.
5- If registration time is passed for vehicles they must have temporary traffic card and traffic plate.
6- Registration plates must be clean and visible from 20 mt ahead.
7- Motor-car liability insurance must be done for any accidents
8- Motor Vehicle drivers must show traffic police during controls :
d)motor-car liability insurance and registration plates
1. To pass in red lights and
do not obey traffic police stop warnings
2. Tread on other lane
3. To hit another vehicle from back
4. To drive coming lane.
5. Overtake improperly
6. Not to obey turning rules.
7. To park in intercity highways.
NOTE: Drive with alcohol , over speed , without driving licence are not principle negliences.2015-05-19T09:00 TRAFFIC AND ENVIROMENT LESSONS SUMMARY